Unanswered questions: From COVID-19 pandemic to endemicity

On 30 January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared that the COVID-19 outbreak constitutes a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC). Two years on, the end of the COVID-19 pandemic remains elusive.

More Questions Than Answers

It is time to reflect on vigilant efforts and fill crucial niches in answering some pressing questions:

  1. When is a pandemic officially over?
    • When does WHO lift the Covid PHEIC?
    • What’re the scientific metrics beyond social and political determinants?
    • What’re collective cognition of the public?
  2. Should China end zero-COVID policy?
    • Denmark, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom have functionally declared an end to the pandemic in their countries.
    • Poland, Slovakia, Iceland, Switzerland have eased masking recommendations. And the U.S. CDC eased masking recommendations for some 70% of U.S. residents.
    • China and New Zealand are pursuing zero COVID-19 strategies.
  3. What’re the determinants from COVID-19 pandemic to endemicity?
    • Will Omicron end the pandemic?
    • A known winter burden of ill health (the average annual numbers of hospitalization and deaths from influenza and pneumonias) can be treated as a benchmark for COVID-19 endemicity?


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About Sunney 116 Articles
I am currently a Professor of Zhejiang Gongshang University, Hangzhou, China.

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