Charter of Courmayeur (1992)

Roman ruins with a prophet, by Giovanni Pannini, 1751. The artistic cultural heritage of the Roman Empire served as a foundation for later Western culture, particularly via the Renaissance and Neoclassicism.

Preface: The Charter of Courmayeur (1992) was adopted at the International Workshop on the Protection of Artistic and Cultural Patrimony held at Courmayeur, Aosta Valley, Italy, 25 – 27 June 1992, and adopted by the Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Branch at the United Nations Office at Vienna, its International Scientific and Professional Advisory Council (ISPAC) and UNESCO.

The Charter outlines national and international actions that are recommended to protect against illicit trade of cultural objects, building on previous policies. The Charter encourages governments to develop legislation and treaties to protect cultural patrimony and to increase the importance of cultural property in crime prevention programs. The Charter also suggests developing mechanisms to facilitate international cooperation among governments and collaboration with ICPO/Interpol. It emphasizes the importance of information about cultural patrimony and establishing inventories with photographs if possible.

The Charter recommends that parties provide technical assistance to help other countries establish national inventories and databases. It also recommends that a document explaining the dimensions of the problem of illicit trade should be produced and submitted to appropriate government officials. Governments are urged to criminalize the illicit export and import of cultural objects. To control the flow of cultural property, the Charter recommends the use of export permissions from countries of origin, the development of an internationally recognized licensing system for art dealers, and improved exchange of information between governments and agencies.

Category
Charter

Date

1992

Promulgation

The UNESCO, Courmayeur, Aosta Valley, Italy, 25-27 June, 1992.

Descriptions

  • The Charter outlines national and international actions that are recommended to protect against illicit trade of cultural objects, building on previous policies. And encourages governments to develop legislation and treaties to protect cultural patrimony and to increase the importance of cultural property in crime prevention programs.
  • It suggests developing mechanisms to facilitate international cooperation among governments and collaboration with ICPO/Interpol. And emphasizes the importance of information about cultural patrimony and establishing inventories with photographs if possible.
  • It recommends that parties provide technical assistance to help other countries establish national inventories and databases.
  • Governments are urged to criminalize the illicit export and import of cultural objects. To control the flow of cultural property, the Charter recommends the use of export permissions from countries of origin, the development of an internationally recognized licensing system for art dealers, and improved exchange of information between governments and agencies.

Source

http://www.unesco.org/new/fileadmin/MULTIMEDIA/HQ/CLT/pdf/Charter_Courmayeur_en.pdf

Download

http://www.unesco.org/new/fileadmin/MULTIMEDIA/HQ/CLT/pdf/Charter_Courmayeur_en.pdf

References

Intellectual Property

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About Sunney 98 Articles
I am currently a Professor of Zhejiang Gongshang University, Hangzhou, China, and Adjunct Professor with State Key Laboratory of Information Security, Institute of Information Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.

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