Recommendation on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property (1964)

Lauren Hilgers and public security officers examine the hole dug by looters to raid an ancient tomb in Henan, China.

Preface: The Recommendation on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property was adopted at 13th Session of The General Conference of UNESCO, Paris, 20 Oct.-20 Nov., 1964.

“Every day, looting and plundering of priceless cultural treasures continue all over the world. The devastation of China’s cultural heritage caused by the illicit antiquities trade is perhaps among the most severe. Tomb raiders, smugglers, and citizens driven by poverty, ignorance, and especially greed ravage the world’s second largest country and destroy its most valuable non-renewable resource: China’s 7,000-year cultural history. This activity is fueled by the seemingly insatiable appetite for the exotic and beautiful at any cost— particularly in Western countries, such as the United States.”

Category

Recommendation

Date

1964

Promulgation

The General Conference of UNESCO (13th Session), Paris, 20 Oct.-20 Nov., 1964

Descriptions

  • The Recommendation proposes that member states draw up national inventories of cultural property, both publicly and privately held.
  • It recommends establishing national services to protect against illegal export of cultural property and developing a certification process to authorize exports.

Source

http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0011/001145/114581f.pdf

Download

 Recommendation on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property (1964)

References

Experts Believe that 100,000 looters are currently active in China, with more than 400,000 ancient graves robbed in the last 20 years alone.

—Lauren Hilgers, “Tomb Raider Chronicles,” June 10, 2013

Red List of Chinese Cultural Objects at Risk

This Red List has been designed as a tool to assist museums, dealers in art and antiquities, collectors, and customs and law enforcement officials in the Identification of objects that may have been looted and illicitly exported from China. To facilitate identification, the Red List illustrates a number of categories of objects that are at risk of being illicitly traded on the international antiquities market.

Objects of the types illustrated hereafter are protected by Chinese legislation that specifically prohibits their unauthorized export and sale. Therefore, ICOM appeals to museums, auction houses, dealers in art and antiquities, and collectors not to purchase such objects without first having checked thoroughly their origin and provenance documentation.

Because of the great diversity of Chinese objects, styles and periods, the Red List of Chinese Cultural Objects at Risk is not exhaustive, and any antiquity originating from China should be subjected to detailed scrutiny and precautionary measures.

Download the Red List of Chinese Cultural Objects at Risk in English: Red List of Chinese Cultural Objects at Risk

unesco-wallpaper-1024x830


 

 

 

 

 

 


Legal Notices:

  • The ORCP is furnished documentations only for exchanging ideas among researchers, the use of which is all acknowledged.
  • Any materials include in the ORCP may be copied only in accordance with the copyright terms and conditions of the owners.
  • Any materials include in the ORCP may be used, modified or distributed must reproduce and retain the copyright notice and list of conditions as they appear in the source files.

Share
About Sunney 84 Articles
I received his B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees in 1996, 2003, and 2006, respectively, from China University of Geosciences, Wuhan, China; Hefei University of Technology, Hefei, China; and Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei, China. From 1996 to 2006, I worked at the School of Computer Science and Technology, Huaibei Normal University, Huaibei, China, as a Lecturer and an Associate Professor. From January 2007 to August 2013, I worked at Wenzhou University, Wenzhou, China. I am currently a Professor at the Zhejiang University of Media and Communications, Hangzhou, China. I am the coauthor of more than 80 articles, which mostly were published in peer-reviewed journals.

1 Comment

45 Trackbacks / Pingbacks

  1. Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property (1970) | Open Repository on Cultural Property
  2. Return of mummified statue urged before “birthday” | Open Repository on Cultural Property
  3. Recommendation for the Protection of Movable Cultural Property (1978) – Open Repository on Cultural Property
  4. Recommendation for the Safeguarding and Preservation of Moving Images (1980) – Open Repository on Cultural Property
  5. The Florence Charter: Historic Gardens (1981) – Open Repository on Cultural Property
  6. Declaration of Dresden (1982) – Open Repository on Cultural Property
  7. Deschambault Charter for the Preservation of Quebec’s Heritage (1982) – Open Repository on Cultural Property
  8. Law of the People’s Republic of China on Protection of Cultural Relics of 1982 (1982) – Open Repository on Cultural Property
  9. The Constitution of the People’s Republic of China (China’s Constitution of 1982) – Open Repository on Cultural Property
  10. The Florence Charter: Historic Gardens (1982) – Open Repository on Cultural Property
  11. Tlaxcala Declaration on the Revitalization of Small Settlements (1982) – Open Repository on Cultural Property
  12. Appleton Charter for the Protection and Enhancement of the Built Environment (1983) – Open Repository on Cultural Property
  13. Declaration of Rome (1983) – Open Repository on Cultural Property
  14. European Convention on Offences Relating to Cultural Property (1985) – Open Repository on Cultural Property
  15. First Brazilian Seminar About the Preservation and Revitalization of Historic Centers (1987) – Open Repository on Cultural Property
  16. Statutes of ICOMOS of 1987 – Open Repository on Cultural Property
  17. The Washington Charter: Charter on the Conservation of Historic Towns and Urban Areas (1987) – Open Repository on Cultural Property
  18. Recommendation on the Safeguarding of Traditional Culture and Folklore (1989) – Open Repository on Cultural Property
  19. Charter for the Protection and Management of the Archaeological Heritage (1990) – Open Repository on Cultural Property
  20. Law of the People’s Republic of China on Protection of Cultural Relics (1991 Amendment) – Open Repository on Cultural Property
  21. The Québec City Declaration (1991) – Open Repository on Cultural Property
  22. A Preservation Charter for the Historic Towns and Areas of the USA (1992) – Open Repository on Cultural Property
  23. Charter for the Conservation of Places of Cultural Heritage Value (1992) – Open Repository on Cultural Property
  24. Charter of Courmayeur (1992) – Open Repository on Cultural Property
  25. Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) of 1992 (1992) – Open Repository on Cultural Property
  26. New Orleans Charter for the Joint Preservation of Historic Structures and Artifacts (1992) – Open Repository on Cultural Property
  27. The Fez Charter (1993) – Open Repository on Cultural Property
  28. UN General Assembly Resolution on the Return or Restitution of Cultural Property to the Countries of Origin (1993) – Open Repository on Cultural Property
  29. Resolution on Information as an Instrument for Protection against War Damages to the Cultural Heritage (1994) – Open Repository on Cultural Property
  30. The Nara Document on Authenticity (1994) – Open Repository on Cultural Property
  31. The Venice Charter: International Charter for the Conservation and Restoration of Monuments and Sites (1964) – Open Repository on Cultural Property
  32. Bergen Protocol on Communications and Relations among Cities of the Organization of World Heritage Cities (1995) – Open Repository on Cultural Property
  33. Charter for Sustainable Tourism (1995) – Open Repository on Cultural Property
  34. Charter for the Protection and Management of the Underwater Cultural Heritage(1996) – Open Repository on Cultural Property
  35. Charter of New Urbanism(1996) – Open Repository on Cultural Property
  36. Declaration of San Antonio (1996) – Open Repository on Cultural Property
  37. The Declaration of San Antonio: Authenticity in the Conservation and Management of the Cultural Heritage (1996) – Open Repository on Cultural Property
  38. Declaration of Valencia(1996) – Open Repository on Cultural Property
  39. Declaration of Quebec (1997) – Open Repository on Cultural Property
  40. Document of Pavia (1997) – Open Repository on Cultural Property
  41. Declaration of Melbourne(1998) – Open Repository on Cultural Property
  42. Evora Appeal (1997) – Open Repository on Cultural Property
  43. The Declaration of Quebec (1997) – Open Repository on Cultural Property
  44. The Charter of Vice-Chancellors (1999) – Open Repository on Cultural Property
  45. Recommendation on Measures to Promote the Integrated Conservation of Historic Complexes Composed of Immovable and Movable Property (1998) – Open Repository on Cultural Property

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.


*